I. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest:
1. a. geothermal b. power c. hydro d. solar
2. a. timber b. effort c. listen d. compete
3. a. punctuality b. enthusiasm c. distribute d. usually
4. a. depressed b. established c. exhausted d. influenced
5. a. simple b. survive c. forests d. vision
II. Choose the word or phrase (a, b, c or d) that best fits the blank space in each sentence:
6. The student failed to meet the necessary ______ for admission to the course.
a. fulfillments b. qualities
c. aptitudes d. requirements
7. He got an excellent grade in his examination ______ the fact that he had not worked particularly hard.
a. on account of b. because of
c. in spite of d. although
8. Despite playing under strength, the village team ______ beat the rivals.
a. could b. were able to
c. couldn’t d. weren’t able to
9. The existence of the planet Pluto was not ______ until this century.
a. invented b. explored
c. discovered d. identified
10. John never come to class on time and ______.
a neither doesn’t Peter b. neither does Peter
c. so does Peter d. so doesn’t Peter.
11. She was ______ in her driving test. What a pity for her!
a. successful b. successive
c. unsuccessful d. success
12. Neither my brothers nor I ______ interested in playing sports.
a. are b. am c. have d. has
13. “Is it hard to get around because you don’t have a car?” – “Not, since I got used ______ the bus.”
a. with riding b. to ride
c. riding d. to riding
14. The ______ at the football match became violent when their team lost.
a. spectators b. groups
c. observers d. customers
15. I didn’t know his address. ______ I would have written to him.
a. Because b. Therefore
c. Consequently d. Otherwise
16. I disapproved ______ people smoking in public places.
a. with b. of c. at d. on
17. He had to leave early, ______ he?
a. mustn’t b. didn’t
c. hasn’t d. shouldn’t
18. When I leave the school next year I ______ here for ten years.
a. teach b. have taught
c. will teach d. will have taught
19. She’s disappointed because her son’s low test scores prevented _____________ to the university.
a. to admit him b. him to admit
c. him from being admitted d. him from admitting
20. The teacher ______ has not yet arrived.
a. who I wrote to you
b. I wrote to you about him
c. whom I wrote to you about him
d. I wrote to you about
III. Choose the underlined word or phrase – a, b, c or d – that needs correcting:
21. A galaxy, where (A) may include billions of (B) stars, is (C) held together (D) by gravitational attraction.
22. By measuring (A) the (B) color of a star, astronomers can tell how (C) hot is it (D).
23. The city doesn’t (A) need no (B) more taxes; everyone pays (C) too much already (D).
24. Are (A) you sure Toreshkova was (B) the first woman travelling (C) in (D) space?
25. Exploration of the Solar System is continuing (A) , and at the present rate of progress (B) all the planets will have been contacted within (C) the near (D) 50 years.
IV. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer:
The loss of the jobs and persistent unemployment in the industrial countries is due mainly to changes in technology. It is thought to be misleading to blame job losses on the shift of corporations from the industrial countries to the Third World.
The present technological developments have been compared to a Third Industrial Revolution. The first coming in the 19th century, was characterized by the steam engine and the use of coal. In the 1920s the second emerged with the use of oil and the electrodynamo. The third, the present one, is driven by computers, biotechnology and information technology.
However, there can be seen weaknesses in the newest of industrial revolutions. The technology is advancing so fast and productivity is rising so fast that we are left with a big problem. Because of the loss in jobs, caused largely by this new technology, there will not be enough people with money to buy all these products.
Technology as definitely enhanced our standard of living, even our quality of life. But as the capacity to produce expands and the lack of purchasing power and consequent demand diminish, there can be overproduction and recession, and what happens to our standard of living?
26. What is the main point the author is making?
a. That the industrial countries have more unemployment than the Third World.
b. That technology is the main cause of unemployment.
c. That corporations have shifted to the Third World.
d. That the present situation is like in the Industrial Revolution.
27. Which of the following is not a characteristic of one of the industrial revolutions?
a. The use of oil
b. The use of computer
c. The use of electricity
d. The use of coal
28. What is stated as being the main weakness of the Third Industrial Revolution?
a. There will be too few people who can afford to buy things.
b. There won’t be enough products for everyone to buy.
c. There will not be enough money around.
d. There will be too many machines in the factories.
29. Why does the author think that there won’t be enough people to buy the products?
a. People will not be able to keep up with technology.
b. Productivity will not be high enough.
c. There will be too many products.
d. Many people will be unemployed.
30. What do we infer is the author’s attitude to the technology?
a. It has improved our purchasing power.
b. It has improved our quality of life.
c. It has created more jobs.
d. It is not responsible for the recession.
V. Choose the answer – a, b, c or d – that is nearest in meaning to the printed before it:
31. The company turned down Bob’s offer.
a. The company agreed with Bob’s offer.
b. The company rejected Bob’s offer.
c. The company accepted Bob’s offer.
d. The company discussed Bob’s offer.
32. The people often help him. He always thinks about them.
a. The people who often help him that he always thinks about.
b. He always thinks about them whom the people often help.
c. The people often help him about whom he always thinks.
d. He always thinks about the people that often help him.
33. I myself saw the robber last night.
a. It was me that saw the robebr last night.
b. It is I who saw the robber last night.
c. It was me that I saw the robber last night.
d. It was I who saw the robber last night.
VI. Rewrite each of the following sentences:
34. It is thought that there are too many obstacles to peace.
There are _____________.
35. Please do not smoke in this area of the restaurant.
Customers are _________.
36. A new film has not often before produced such positive reviews.
Rarely has ____________.
|Câu||Hướng dẫn||Câu||Hướng dẫn|
|1. b||/aʊ/, còn lại: /əʊ/||21. A||where → which|
|2. c||“t” câm, còn lại: /t/||22. D||is it =>→ it is|
|3. a||/u/, còn lại: /ju/||23. B||no → any|
|4. c||/id/, còn lại: /t/||24. C||travelling → to travel|
|5. d||/ʒ/, còn lại: /s/||25. D||near → next|
|6. d||26. b||Dẫn chứng: “The loss of the jobs and persistent unemployment in the industrial countries is due mainly to changes in technology.”|
|7. c||27. c|
|8. b||28. a||Dẫn chứng: “However, there can be seen weaknesses in the newest of industrial revolutions… Because of the loss in jobs, caused largely by this new, technology, there will not be enough people with money to buy all these products.”|
|9. c||discover: khám phá, phát hiện;||29. d||Dẫn chứng: “Because of the loss in jobs, caused largely by this new technology, there will not be enough people with money to buy all these products.”|
|10. b||30. b||Dẫn chứng: “Technology as definitely enhanced our standard of living, even our quality of life.”|
|11. c||31. b||turn donw = reject: từ chối;|
|12. b||32. d|
|13. d||be/get used to V-ing: quen làm việc gì đó;||33. d|
|14. a||spectator: người xem, khán giả;||34.||There are thought to be too many obstacles to peace.|
|15. d||35.||Customers are required/asked not to smoke in this area of the restaurant.|
|16. b||disapprove of: không tán thành, phản đối;||36.||RareIy has a new film produced such positive reviews.|