Dưới đây là Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh – THPT Chuyên Nguyễn Huệ, Hà Nội (Lần 3) năm 2016. Chúc các thí sinh ôn tập thật tốt để chuẩn bị cho kỳ thi quan trọng sắp tới.
Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh của trường THPT Chuyên Nguyễn Huệ, Hà Nội (Lần 3) năm 2016 gồm 64 câu hỏi với thời gian làm bài là 90 phút. Trong đó có 60 phút làm bài thi trắc nghiệm và 30 phút bài thi viết.
MÃ ĐỀ 132
SECTION A: MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS (64 questions x 0.125 = 8 points)
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 1: A. active B. travel C. mountain D. tattoo
Question 2: A. passenger B. decadence C. departure D. monument
Question 3: A. ingenious B. ingredient C. commercial D. bankruptcy
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
|According to sociologists, there are several different ways in which a person may become recognized as the leader of a social group in the United States. In the family, traditional cultural patterns confer leadership on one or both of the parents. In other cases, such as friendship groups, one or more persons may gradually emerge as leaders, although there is no formal process of selection. In larger groups, leaders are usually chosen formally through election or recruitment.|
|Although leaders are often thought to be people with unusual personal ability, decades of research have failed to produce consistent evidence that there is any category of “natural leaders.” It seems that there is no set of personal qualities that all leaders have in common; rather, virtually any person may be recognized as a leader if the person has qualities that meet the needs of that particular group.|
|Furthermore, although it is commonly supposed that social groups have a single leader, research suggests that there are typically two different leadership roles that are held by different individuals. Instrumental leadership is leadership that emphasizes the completion of tasks by a social group. Group members look into instrumental leaders to “get things done.” Expressive leadership, on the other hand, is leadership that emphasizes the collective well-being of a social group’s member. Expressive leader are less concerned with the overall goals of the group than with providing emotional support to group members and attempting to minimize tension and conflict among them. Group members expect expressive leaders to maintain stable relationships within the group and provide support to individual members.|
|Instrumental leaders are likely to have a rather secondary relationship to other group members. They give orders and may discipline group members who inhibit attainment of the group’s goals. Expressive leaders cultivate a more personal or primary relationship to others in the group. They offer sympathy when someone experiences difficulties or is subjected to discipline, are quick to lighten a serious moment with humor, and try to resolve issues that threaten to divide the group. As the differences in these two roles suggest, expressive leaders generally receive more personal affection from group members; instrumental leaders, if they are successful in promoting group goals, may enjoy a mote distant respect.|
Question 4: What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. The role of leaders in social groups
B. How social groups determine who will lead them
C. The problems faced by leaders
D. How leadership differs in small and large groups
Question 5: The passage mentions all of the following ways by which people can become leaders EXCEPT: _______.
A. traditional cultural patterns B. specific leadership training
C. formal election process D. recruitment
Question 6: In mentioning “natural leaders” in line 7, the author is making the point that _______.
A. “natural leaders” share a similar set of characteristics
B. few people qualify as “natural leaders”
C. there is no proof that “natural leaders” exist
D. “natural leaders’ are easily accepted by the members of a social group
Question 7: Which of the following statements about leadership can be inferred from paragraph 2?
A. A person who is an effective leader of a particular group may not be an effective leader in another group.
B. Most people desire to be leaders but can produce little evidence of their qualifications.
C. A person can best learn how to be an effective leader by studying research on leadership.
D. Few people succeed in sharing a leadership role with another person.
Question 8: The passage indicates that instrumental leaders generally focus on _______.
A. achieving a goal B. identifying new leaders
C. ensuring harmonious relationships D. sharing responsibility with group members
Question 9: The word “collective” in line 15 is closest in meaning to _______.
A. necessary B. particular C. group D. typical
Question 10: The word “them” in line 18 refers to _______.
A. goals of the group B. tension and conflict C. group members D. expressive leaders
Question 11: A “secondary relationship” mentioned in line 20 between a leader and the members of a group could be best characterized as _______.
A. enthusiastic B. distant C. personal D. unreliable
Question 12: The word “resolve” in line 24 is closest in meaning to _______.
A. avoid repeating B. talk about
C. find a solution for D. avoid thinking about
Question 13: Paragraphs 3 and 4 organize the discussion of leadership primarily in term of _______.
A. cause and effect analysis B. examples that illustrate a problem
C. narration of events D. comparison and contrast
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 14: During the earthquake, a lot of buildings collapsed, which killed thousands of people.
A. fell down unexpectedly B. went off accidentally
C. exploded suddenly D. erupted violently
Question 15: The crew divided the life preservers among the twenty terrified passengers as the ship began to sink.
A. frightened B. surprised C. exhausted D. excited
Question 16: You must answer the police’s questions truthfully; otherwise, you will get into trouble.
A. as trustingly as you can B. in a harmful way
C. with a negative attitude D. exactly as things really happen
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 17: After five days on trial, the court found him innocent of the crime and he was released.
A. naïve B. benevolent C. innovative D. guilty
Question 18: In the first two decades of its existence, the cinema developed rapidly.
A. shortly B. sluggishly C. weakly D. leisurely
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 19: (A) Although they are (B) an inexpensive supplier of vitamins, minerals, and high quality protein, eggs (C) contain a high level of blood cholesterol, one of the major (D) cause of heart disease.
Question 20: (A) Although it would take a laboratory analysis (B) to determine the exact proportions of sand, silt, clay, and organic matter in your garden soil, you can get a good idea of what (C) it is by (D) feeling the soil’s texture.
Question 21: Employees (A) who haven’t seen the new regulations often (B) ask for unnecessary questions;
(C) instead they should ask for a copy of the regulations and (D) read them.
Question 22: Our nervous system has over ten (A) billions (B) nerve cells in a network covering (C) every inch of our skin and (D) organs.
Question 23: A mosquito (A) is filled with blood (B) is carrying (C) twice its own body (D) weight.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase for each of the blanks.
Feminism, collective term for systems of belief and theories that pay special (24) to women’s rights and women’s position in culture and society. The term tends to be used for the women’s rights movement, which began in the late 18th century and continues to campaign for complete political, social, and economic equality between women and men. This article (25) specifically with the development of the ideas behind that movement and their (26) and impact.
Feminists are united by the idea that women’s position in society is unequal to (27) of men, and that society is structured in such a way as to benefit men to the political, social, economic (28) of women. However, feminists have used different theories to explain these (29) and have advocated different ways of redressing inequalities, and there are marked geographic and historical variations in the nature of feminism.
Historically, feminist thought and activity can be divided into two waves. The first wave, which began in about 1800 and (30) until the 1930s, was largely concerned with gaining equal rights between women and men. The second wave, which began in the late 1960s, has continued to fight for (31)
but has also developed a (32) _ of theories and approaches that stress the difference between women and men and that draw attention to the (33) needs of women.
|B. benefit||C. notice||D. equality|
|B. deals||C. provides||D. initiates|
|B. variation||C. pressure||D. problem|
|B. which||C. most||D. that|
|B. dismalness||C. diffusion||D. detriment|
|B. difference||C. unequalities||D. inequalities|
|B. widened||C. lasted||D. lengthened|
|B. freedom||C. independence||D. tradition|
|B. range||C. type||D. kind|
|B. general||C. definite||D. vague|
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
The response of most animals when suddenly faced with a predator is to flee. Natural selection
has acted in a variety of ways in different species to enhance the efficacy of the behaviors, known as “flight behaviors” or escape behaviors that are used by prey in fleeing predators. Perhaps the most direct adaptation is enhanced light speed and agility.
Adaptations for speed, however, are likely to require sacrifices biter attributes, so we might expect only some species to adopt a simple fast flight strategy. Another way of enhancing the effectiveness of flight is to move in an erratic and unpredictable way. Many species, like ptarmigans, snipes, and various antelopes and gazelles, flee from predators in a characteristic zigzag fashion. Rapid unexpected changes in flight direction make it difficult for a predator to track prey. In some species, like the European hare, erratic zigzag flight might be more effective in the presence of predators that are faster than they are and straight light more effective against predators that are slower. One observation that supports this suggestion is the recorded tendency for slow-
flying black-beaded gulls, which are normally able to escape predators by means of direct flight, to
show frequent changes in flight direction when they spot a peregrine falcon (peregrines are adept at capturing flying birds).
A quite different way of enhancing escape by flight is to use so-called “flash” behavior. Here, the alarmed prey flees for a short distance and then “freezes.” Some predators are unexcited by immobile prey, and a startling flash of activity followed by immobility may confuse them. “Flash” behavior is used in particular by frogs and orthopteran insects, which make conspicuous jumps and then sit immobile. In some species, “flash” behavior is enhanced by the display of bright body markings. Good examples of insects with colorful markings are the red and yellow underwing moths. At rest, both species are a cryptic brown color. When they fly, however, brightly colored hind wings are exposed, which render the moths highly conspicuous. Similarly, some frogs and lizards have brightly colored patches or frills that may serve a “flash” function when they move quickly. Some species even appear to possess “flash” sounds. The loud buzzing and clicking noises made by some grasshoppers when they jump may serve to emphasize the movement.
Question 34: The word “enhance” in line 2 is closest in meaning to .
A. encourage B. resist C. increase D. reveal
Question 35: The description of the prey’s movement as “zigzag” in line 10 suggests that the movement is .
A. reliable B. fast C. constant D. unpredictable
Question 36: It can be inferred from the passage that the European hare .
A. is faster than most of its predators B. is capable of two kinds of flight
C. is more likely to escape using straight flight D. is preyed upon by gulls and falcons
Question 37: The behaviour of black-beaded gulls is most comparable to that of
A. gazelles B. frogs C. peregrine falcons D. European hares
Question 38: It can be inferred that black-beaded gulls change direction when they spot a peregrine falcon for which of the following reasons?
A. The falcons are faster than the gulls. B. The gulls want to capture the falcons.
C. The falcons are unpredictable. D. The gulls depend on the falcons for protection.
Question 39: The word “alarmed” in line 17 is closest in meaning to .
A. moving B. selected C. frightened D. exhausted
Question 40: All of the followings are mentioned as characteristics of “flash” behavior in line 16 EXCEPT .
A. brief conspicuous activity B. immobility
C. bright body markings D. aggressive fighting
Question 41: The phrase “in particular” in line 19 is closest in meaning to .
A. especially B. with difficulty C. expertly D. frequently
Question 42: The hind wings of red and yellow underwing moths function in a way that is most similar to .
A. the hind wings of peregrine falcons B. the zigzag flight of European hares
C. the colored patches on frogs D. the clicking of grasshoppers
Question 43: Why does the author mention “grasshopper” in line 26?
A. To contrast animals that “flash” with animals that “freeze”
B. As an example of an animal whose “flash” behavior is a sound
C. To compare the jumping behavior of insects and reptiles
D. As an example of a predator that moths escape by using “flash” behavior
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following question.
|Question 44: A. empathize||B. preface||C. detriment||D. effective|
|Question 45: A. teacher||B. heat||C. peach||D. unleaded|
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the answer that is the most appropriate for the blank(s) in each of the following sentences.
Question 46: I left at 5.30, they were still arguing.
A. just in time B. at the time C. at which time D. all the time
Question 47: stay the night if it’s too difficult to get home.
A. At all cost B. In all C. By all means D. On the whole
Question 48: I really must these trousers because I want to wear them in the morning.
A. press B. crease C. smooth D. flatten
Question 49: When the burglar caught sight of the policeman, he dropped the stolen jewels and .
A. ran over B. ran from C. ran off D. ran against
Question 50: This bomb is of destroying an entire city.
A. possible B. feasible C. able D. capable
Question 51: It is impossible to stop racial simply by legislation.
A. obsession B. tendency C. prejudice D. seclusion
Question 52: The scheme sounds excellent in theory, but it’s totally in a country like this.
A. impassable B. inaccessible C. impracticable D. insoluble
Question 53: – “If only I hadn’t said that to her.” – “ ”
A. Yes, you mustn’t have done like that. B. No worry, that’s nothing.
C. No, you’ve done a very good job. D. Because I’m so bored with it.
Question 54: Owning to the fog, his flight from Karachi was .
A. unpunctual B. overdue C. unscheduled D. belated
Question 55: I was surprised to receive a puppy for my birthday.
A. little eight-week-old cute golden retriever B. cute little eight-week-old golden retriever
C. cute eight-week-old little golden retriever D. little cute eight-week-old golden retriever
Question 56: Down into the cave .
A. did go the rescue party B. went the rescue party
C. did the rescue party go D. my rescue party goes
Question 57: It was going to be a surprise party, until Todd let out of the bag.
A. the dog B. the cat C. the chick D. the pigeon
Question 58: Mr. Thomson was obliged to pay damages to his neighbours in for the devastations his pet dogs made in their garden.
A. penalty B. compensation C. reparation D. reward
Question 59: Tom: “Can I bring a friend to your party?” Kyle: “ .”
A. The more the merrier B. That’s right
C. Beggars can’t be choosers D. Straight away
Question 60: There was so much snow that our village was completely and food had to be brought in by helicopter.
A. let up B. gone out C. broken down D. cut off
Question 61: Just before closing, the barman asked the customers to drink .
A. on B. up C. down D. out
Question 62: He was happy to find the kind of job .
A. for which he had trained B. which they had trained him for
C. that he had training for D. that was for his training
Question 63: Beaches were as police searched for canisters of toxic waste from the damaged ship.
A. cut off B. sealed off C. kept out D. washed up
Question 64: that some areas may never recover.
A. It was such devastating the floods B. So devastating were the floods
C. Such devastating were the floods D. So were devastating the floods
SECTION B: WRITING (2 points): PART 1 (5 questions x 0.1 = 0.5 points); PART 2 (1.5 points) PART 1: Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.
- The match couldn’t start because of the heavy
The heavy snow
- My mother was a worker in a factory when she was
My mother used
- Choosing a suitable job is really important to
It is of
- The sole survivor of the plane crash was
Lucy was the only
- Until I saw her for myself, I didn’t think that Naomi had been badly
It was only
Part II: Write a paragraph of about 140 words about the advantages and disadvantages of social networks such as Facebook, Zalo, Google Plus ……..