Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh năm 2016 – Đề số 3

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ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2016

MÔN TIẾNG ANH – ĐỀ SỐ 3

(Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút)

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.

1. So extensive (A)the lakes arethat they (B)are viewed asthe (C)largestbodies (D)of fresh waterin the world.

A. the lakes are    B. are viewed as       C. largest           D. of fresh water

2. The professor was (A)considering(B)postponingthe examination until (C)the following week(D)becausethe students’ confusion.

A. considering     B. postponing        C. the following week   D. because

3. Air pollution, together (A)with littering, (B)are causing (C)manyproblems (D)in our large, industrial cities today. 

A. with          B. are            C. many           D. in our large

4. (A)Schoolsare (B)important and vitalmeans (C)by whichmodern education (D)is provided.

A. Schools        B. important and vital    C. by which         D. is provided

5. Manufacturers (A)may usefood additives (B)for preserving, to color, or (C)to flavor, or to (D)fortify foods.

   A. may use          B. for preserving    C. to flavor        D. fortify foods

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.

6. They are going tosuffera lot of criticism for increasing bus fare by so much.

A. get into       B. stand in with       C. come in for       D. put across

7.He was one of the mostoutstandingperformers at the live show last night.

A. easy-looking     B. important        C. well- known       D. impressive

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.

8. Because Jack defaulted on his loan, the bank took him to court.

A. failed to pay                   B. paid in full

C. had a bad personality               D. was paid much money

9.  “The table is too heavy for me to move alone.”

A.  light         B.  easy            C.  old            D.  small

10.Pollutedwater and increased water temperatures have driven many species to the verge of extinction.

A. Enriched      B. Contaminated       C. Purified         D. Strengthened

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word having the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.

11.  A. together       B. worthy           C. ethnic          D.  though

12.  A. campus        B. relax            C. locate          D. fashion

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word having the different stress pattern from the rest.

13. A. invaluable      B. investigate        C.  intimacy         D. intensity

14. A. description      B. counselor        C. inspector         D. amendment

15. A. cinema        B. policeman         C. yesterday        D. politics

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to the following question.

16. Nancy can speak French ________ than Jimmy.

A. as fluently      B. fluently           C. more fluently          D. most fluently

17. We bought some _______.

A.  German lovely old glasses            B.  German old lovely glasses

C.  lovely old German glasses            D.  old lovely German glasses

18. The meeting has been put _______ to Friday as so many people have got the flu.

A. up          B. in              C. out             D. back

19. My uncle was _____ ill last summer; however, fortunately, he is now making a slow but steady recovery.

A. seriously      B. deeply           C. fatally          D. critically

20. When a fire broke out in the Louvre, at least twenty _______ paintings were destroyed, including two by Picasso. 

A.  worthless      B.  priceless         C.  valueless        D.  worthy

21. What ________ views do Americans and Asians have about love and marriage?

A. tradition       B. traditionally       C. traditionalism      D. traditional

22. She asked me ______ I was looking at.

A. when         B. if             C. what           D. why

23. ______ his brother, Mike is active and friendly.

A. Alike        B. Unlike           C. Dislike               D. Liking

24. Daisy: “What an attractive hair style you have got, Mary!” – Mary: “_______”

A. Thank you very much! I am afraid.      B. You are telling a lie.

C. Thank you for your compliment!       D. I don't like your sayings.

25. The train will be leaving in five minutes so you _________ better hurry up.

A. had          B. should           C. will            D. would

26. Dick: “Sorry, Brian is not here.” – Peter: “_________” 

A. Would you like to leave a message?      B. Can I take a message then?

C. Can I speak to Brian, please?          D.  Can I leave a message then?

27. She made a list of what to do ______ forget anything.

A. in order to      B. so as not to       C. so that           D. not to

28. I can’t ______ this noise any longer. I’m going to write a letter of complaint about this problem.

A. get back to     B. take away from      C. put up with       D. make out of

29. Members of my family share the ______.

A. housewife      B. hometown         C. homework          D. housework

30. Tom said that he ________ his motorbike the day before.

A. had lost        B. lost             C. has lost          D. lose

 31. “Don’t worry about your necklace. Give it to me and I promise to ______ great care of it.”

A. bring         B. take            C. keep           D. make

32. We are worried ________ the current situation of environmental pollution in our country.

A. of          B. about           C. on             D. at

33. In Vietnam, two or more __________ may live in a home.

A. generations      B. generous         C. generalizations      D. generators

34. If you want your son to do better on his exams, I suggest he ________ harder.

A. will study       B. studies           C. would study       D. study

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Scientists do not yet thoroughly understand just how the body of an individual becomes sensitive to a substance that is harmless or even wholesome for the average person. Milk, wheat, and egg, for example, rank among the most healthful and widely used foods. Yet these foods can cause persons sensitive to them to suffer greatly. At first, the body of the individual is not harmed by coming into contact with the substance. After a varying interval of time, usually longer than a few weeks, the body becomes sensitive to it, and an allergy has begun to develop. Sometimes it's hard to figure out if you have a food allergy, since it can show up so many different ways. Yoursymptomscould be caused by many other problems. You may have rashes, hives, joint pains mimicking arthritis, headaches, irritability, or depression. The most common food allergies are to milk, eggs, seafood, wheat, nuts, seeds, chocolate, oranges, and tomatoes. Many of these allergies will not develop if these foods are not fed to an infant until her or his intestines mature at around seven months. Breast milk also tends to be protective. Migraines can beset offby foods containing tyramine, phenathylamine, monosodium glutamate, or sodium nitrate. Common foods which contain these are chocolate, aged cheeses, sour cream, red wine, pickled herring, chicken livers, avocados, ripe bananas, cured meats, many Oriental and prepared foods (read the labels!). Some people have been successful in treating their migraines with supplements of B-vitamins, particularly B6 and niacin. Children who arehyperactivemay benefit from eliminating food additives, especially colorings, and foods high in salicylates from their diets. A few oftheseare almonds, green peppers, peaches, tea, grapes. This is the diet made popular by Benjamin Feingold, who has written the book “Why your Child is Hyperactive”. Other researchers have had mixed results when testing whether the diet is effective.

35.The topic of this passage is _______________.

A. reactions to foods                B. food and nutrition   C. infants and allergies    D. a good diet

36.According to the passage, the difficulty in diagnosing allergies to foods is due to ___________.

A. the vast number of different foods we eat

B. lack of a proper treatment plan

C. the similarity of symptoms of the allergy to other problems

D. the use of prepared formula to feed babies

37.  The word “symptoms” is closest in meaning to ___________.

A. indications      B. diet             C. diagnosis        D. prescriptions

38.The phrase “set off” is closest in meaning to ___________.

A. relieved        B. identified        C. avoided         D. triggered

39.What can be inferred about babies from this passage?

A. They can eat almost anything.

B. They should have a carefully restricted diet as infants.

C. They gain little benefit from being breast fed.

D. They may become hyperactive if fed solid food too early.

40.The word“hyperactive” is closest in meaning to ___________.

A. overly active     B. unusually low activity                C. excited   D. inquisitive

41.  The author states that the reason that infants need to avoid certain foods related to allergies has to do with the infant's ___________.

A. lack of teeth                   B. poor metabolism

C. underdeveloped intestinal tract        D. inability to swallow solid foods

42.  The word “these” refers to ___________.

A. food additives   B. food colorings      C. innutritious foods   D. foods high in sacilates

43.  Which of the following was a suggested treatment for migraines in the passage?

A. Eating more ripe bananas            B. Avoiding all Oriental foods

C. Getting plenty of sodium nitrate         D. Using Vitamin B in addition to a good diet

44. According to the article the Feingold diet is NOT ___________.

A. verified by researchers as being consistently effective

B. available in book form

C. beneficial for hyperactive children

D. designed to eliminate foods containing certain food additives

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks.

Reference books are not designed to be read from the first page to the last but rather to be consulted to answer the questions and provide both general and specific pieces of information.

One of the most (45) _______-used reference books is a dictionary, which provides information about words. It lists meanings and spellings, (46) _______ how a word is pronounced, gives (47) _______of how it is used, may reveal its origins and also lists synonyms and (48) _______. To help you find the words faster, there are guide words at the top of each page showing the first and last words on that page and of course it (49) _______ to know the alphabet!

There may be numerous special sections at the back with (50) _______ about famous people and places, lists of dates and scientific names, etc. There is usually a section at the front (51) _______ how to use the dictionary, which includes the special abbreviations or signs.

An atlas is also a reference book and (52) _______ charts, tables and geographical facts, as well as maps. Political maps locate countries and cities, physical maps show the formation of the land with its mountains and valleys, and economic maps show industries and agriculture. To find a specific place, you need to look in the (53) _______ at the back of the atlas and the exact position on the map. There are numerous map (54) _______ that you need to know in order to be able to read a map-almost like a special language-and these are explained at the front of the atlas.

45.  A. greatly       B. mainly           C. widely           D. largely

46.  A. speaks       B. tells            C. says           D. gives

47.  A. evidence       B. roof            C. examples        D. cases

48.  A. antonyms      B. closest           C. opposite          D. controversies

49.  A. assists        B. pays           C. helps            D. works

50.  A. events        B. stories          C. facts           D. materials

51.  A. explaining     B. interpreting       C. suggesting         D. presenting

52.  A. composes      B. includes          C. consists         D. contains

53.  A. foreword       B. preface          C. complement       D. index

54.  A. marks         B. signs            C. signals           D. symbols

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Iron production wasrevolutionizedin the early eighteenth century when coke was first used instead of charcoal for refining iron ore. Previously the poor quality of the iron had restricted its use in architecture to items such as chains and tie bars for supporting arches, vaults, and walls. With the improvement in refining ore, it was now possible to make cast-iron beams, columns, and girders. During the nineteenth century further advances were made, notably Bessemer's process for converting iron into steel, which made the material more commercially viable.

Iron was rapidly adopted for the construction of bridges, because its strength was far greater than that of stone or timber, but its use in the architecture of buildings developed more slowly. By 1800 a complete internal iron skeleton for buildings had been developed in industrial architecture replacing traditional timber beams, butitgenerally remained concealed. Apart from its low cost, the appeal of iron as a building material lay in its strength, its resistance to fire, and its potential to span vast areas. As a result, iron became increasingly popular as a structural material for more traditional styles of architecture during the nineteenth century, but it was invariably concealed.

Significantly, the use of exposed iron occurred mainly in the new building types spawned by the Industrial Revolution: in factories, warehouses, commercial offices, exhibition hall, and railroad stations, where its practical advantages far outweighed its lack of status. Designers of the railroad stations of the new age explored the potential of iron, covering huge areas with spans thatsurpassedthe great vaults of medieval churches and cathedrals. Paxton's Crystal Palace, designed to house the Great Exhibition of 1851, covered an area of 1.848 feet by 408 feet in prefabricated units of glass set in iron frames. The Paris Exhibition of 1889 included both the widest span and the greatest height achieved so far with the Halle Des Machines, spanning 362 feet, and the Eiffel Tower 1,000 feet high. However, these achievements were mocked by the artistic elite of Paris as expensive and ugly follies. Iron, despite its structural advantages, had little aesthetic status. The use of an exposed iron structure in the more traditional styles of architecture was slower to develop.

55. What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. Advances in iron processing in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries

B. The effects of the Industrial Revolution on traditional architectural styles

C. Advantages of stone and timber over steel as a building material

D. The evolution of the use of iron in architecture during the 1800's

56.  The word “revolutionized” is closest in meaning to _______.

A. quickly started    B. gradually opened     C. dramatically changed D. carefully examined

57.  According to the passage, iron wasNOTused for beams, columns, and girders prior to the early eighteenth century because _______.

A. all available iron was needed for other purposes

B. limited mining capability made iron too expensive

C. iron was considered too valuable for use in public buildings

D. the use of charcoal for refining ore produced poor quality iron

58. Iron replaced stone and timber in the building of bridges because iron was considered ______.

A. more beautiful    B. new and modern    C. much stronger      D. easier to transport

59.  The word “it” refers to _________.

A. industrial architecture             B. internal iron skeleton C. stone    D. strength

60.The word “surpassed” is closest in meaning to _______.

A. imitated        B. exceeded         C. approached        D. included

61.  According to paragraph 3, the architectural significance of the Halle Des Machines was its _______.

A. wide span      B. great height       C. unequaled beauty    D. prefabricated unites of glass

62.  How did the artistic elite mentioned in the passage react to the buildings at the Paris Exhibition?

A. They tried to copy them.            B. They ridiculed them.

C. They praised them.               D. They refused to pay to see them.

63.  It can be inferred that the delayed use of exposed iron structures in traditional styles of architecture is best explained by the _______.

A. impracticality of using iron for small, noncommercial buildings

B. association of iron architecture with the problems of the Industrial Revolution

C. general belief that iron offered less resistance to fire and harsh weather than traditional materials

D. general perception that iron structures were not aesthetically pleasing

64.  The paragraph following the passage most probably discusses _______

A. the gradual inclusion of exposed iron in traditional styles of architecture

B. further improvements in iron processing methods

C. the return to traditional building materials for use in commercial structures

D. the decreased use of stone and timber as a building material

B. Phần viết:

Part I. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.

65. It wasn’t necessary for you to buy so many chips as you did.

You needn’t ………………………………………………………………………….

66. Much as he tried hard, he didn’t succeed in installing the software.

However ……………………………………………………………………………………….

67. He lost his job because he was very lazy.

But ……………………………………………………………………………….

68. It was not until midnight that he could finish his homework.

Not until ……………………………………………………………………………….

69. If only I hadn’t bought the secondhand motorbike.

I regret ………………………………………………………………………….

Part II.In about 140 words, write a paragraph about why is it important to protect our environment? What should we do to fulfill this task?

ĐÁP ÁN ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA MÔN TIẾNG ANH NĂM 2016 – ĐỀ SỐ 3

1. Đáp án là A. the lakes are => are the lakes. Dùng đảo ngữ

2. Đáp án là D. because => because of (+Noun)

3. Đáp án là B. are => is. Vì, chủ ngữ “Air pollution” là danh từ không đếm được

4. Đáp án là B. Bỏ important hoặc vital vì hai từ nghia tuong duong nhau

5. Đáp án là B. for preserving => to preserve.

6. suffer: chịu, trải qua => Đáp án là C.

Các đáp án khác: get into: vào trong; stand in with. vào hùa với, cấu kết với; put across thực hiện thành công;

7. Đáp án là D. outstanding: nổi bật, ấn tượng = impressive

Các từ còn lại: easy-looking: dễ nhìn; important: quan trọng; well- known: nổi tiếng

8. Đáp án là B. paid in full: trả hết>< default: vỡ nợ

9. Đáp án là A. heavy: nặng >< light: nhẹ

10. Đáp án là C. Polluted: bị ô nhiễm >< Purified: tinh khiết

Các từ còn lại: Enriched: được làm giàu; Contaminated: bị ô nhiễm; Strengthened: được làm cho mạnh

11. Đáp án là C. Từ ethnic có phần gạch chân được phát âm là /θ/, các từ còn lại có phần gạch chân được phát âm là /ð/

12. Đáp án là C. Từ locate có phần gạch chân được phát âm là / eɪ//, các từ còn lại có phần gạch chân được phát âm là /æ/

13. Đáp án là C. Từ intimacy  nhấn âm thứ nhất, các từ còn lại nhấn âm thứ hai.

14. Đáp án là B. Từ counselor nhấn âm thứ nhất, các từ còn lại nhấn âm thứ hai.

15. Đáp án là B. Từ policeman nhấn âm thứ hai, các từ còn lại nhấn âm thứ nhất.

16. Đáp án là C. So sánh hơn với trang từ dài: ….  more + adv+ than ….

17. Trật tự các tính từ: Option – size –shape – age – color –origin – material – purpose.

=> Đáp án là C. lovely  – opinion; old –age; German – origin;

18. Đáp án là D. put back: lùi lại

Các từ còn lại: put up: đưa lên, đặt lên; put in: đưa vào, xen vào; put out: thổi tắt, dập tắt

19. Đáp án là A. seriously ill: ốm nặng

20. Đáp án là B. priceless: vô giá, không định đoạt được bằng giá cả, rất giá trị.

Các từ còn lại: worthless: vô giá trị, vô dụng ; worthy: có giá, đáng giá; valueless: không có giá trị, vô dụng

21. Đáp án là D. Từ cần điền là tính từ: traditional views: quan điểm truyền thống

Các từ còn lại: tradition (n): truyền thống; traditionally (adv): theo truyền thống; traditionalism (n): chủ nghĩa truyền thống

22. Đáp án là C. What + S + V. mệnh đề danh ngữ đóng vai trò như một danh từ

23. Đáp án là B. Mệnh đề so sánh “ giống/ không giống …”: Like/ Unlike + N, S + V.

24. What an attractive hair style you have got, Mary! – Đây là lời khen => Đáp án là C. Thank you for your compliment! – Cám ơn lời khen của bạn

Các đáp án khác không hợp ngữ cảnh:

A. Cám ơn bạn rất nhiều, Tôi e sợ.

B. Bạn đang nói dối.

D. Tôi không thích lời nói của bạn.

25. Đáp án là A. had better + V = should + V: nên làm gì

26. Đây là cuộc trò chuyện qua điện thoại.

Dick: Rất tiếc, Brian không có ở đây. =>  Đáp án là C.  Tôi có thể để lại lời nhắn không?. Câu “Can I leave a message?” khi người gọi muốn để lại lời nhắn cho người không có mặt ở đó.

Còn , “Can I take a message?” là ý chỉ rằng “Tôi có thể ghi lại lời nhắn giùm được hay không?” – thường là câu nói của người nghe, khi người trung gian không có mặt ở đó.

27. Các cấu trúc chỉ mục đích:

In order (not) to + V

So as ( not ) to + V

So that + clause

Trường hợp này chọn đáp án là B. Dịch: cô ấy đã lập một danh sách những việc phải làm để không quên bất kỳ việc nào.

28. Đáp án là C. put up with: chịu đựng

Các đáp án khác:

A: take sth away from sth: lấy đi/ trừ đi cái này từ cái kia => loại câu này vì sau “take” không có sth

C. get back to: trở lại, bắt đầu lại

D. make out of: làm từ

29. Đáp án là D. housework: công việc nhà. Dịch: Các thành viên trong gia đình thường chia sẻ công việc nhà

Các từ còn lại: housewife: bà nội trợ; hometown: quê hương; homework: bài tập về nhà

30. Đáp án là A. Câu gián tiếp, ta phải lùi thì, “the day before” là biến đổi của “yesterday” => câu trực tiếp chia thì quá khứ đơn giản, lùi thì thành quá khứ hoàn thành.

31. Đáp án là B. take care of: chăm sóc, trông nom

32. Đáp án là B. be worried about: lo lắng về…

33. Đáp án là A. generations: các thế hệ

Các từ còn lại: generous (adj): rộng lượng; generalization: sự tổng quát hóa; generator: người sinh ra, người tạo ra

34. Đáp án là D. Cấu trúc gợi ý: S + suggest + that + S1 + V ( bare – inf).

35. Đáp án là A. những phản ứng của thức ăn. Đọc bài,sẽ dễ dàng thấy những supporting idea cho topc này.

– Milk, wheat, and egg, for example, rank among the most healthful and widely used foods. Yet these foods can cause persons sensitive to them to suffer greatly.

– Your symptoms could be caused by many other problems. You may have rashes, hives, joint pains mimicking arthritis, headaches, irritability, or depression.

– Migraines can be set off by foods containing tyramine, phenathylamine, monosodium glutamate, or sodium nitrate.

36. Đáp án là C. Ý trong bài: Sometimes it's hard to figure out if you have a food allergy, since it can show up so many different ways.

37. Đáp án là A. symptoms = indications : dấu hiệu, biểu hiện

Các từ còn lại : diet : chế độ ăn kiêng ; diagnosis : sự chuẩn đoán ; prescription : đơn thuốc

38. Đáp án là D. triggered =  set off: được gây ra

Các động từ còn lại: relieved: được làm yên lòng; identified: được xác định; avoided: được tránh

39. Đáp án là B. Ý trong bài: Children who are hyperactive ( hiếu động thái quá ) may benefit from eliminating food additives, especially colorings, and foods high in salicylates from their diets.

40. hyperactive : hiếu động thái quá => Đáp án là A.

Các đáp án khác: B. Các hoạt động chậm, không bình thường;  C. thú vị ; D. inquisitive: tò mò, tọc mạch

41. Đáp án là C. Ý trong bài: Many of these allergies will not develop if these foods are not fed to an infant until her or his intestines mature at around seven months

42. Đáp án là D. Ý trong bài:  Children who are hyperactivemay benefit from eliminating food additives, especially colorings, andfoods high in salicylatesfrom their diets. A few oftheseare almonds, green peppers, peaches, tea, grapes.

43. Đáp án là D. Ý trong bài: Some people have been successful in treating their migraines with supplements of B-vitamins, particularly B6 and niacin.

44. Đáp án là A. Ý trong bài: Ý trong bài: This is the diet made popular by Benjamin Feingold, who has written the book “Why your Child is Hyperactive”. Other researchers have had mixed results when testing whether the diet is effective.

45. Đáp án là C. widely – used: được sử dụng rỗng rãi

Các từ còn lại: greatly:  một các tuyệt vời; mainly: chính; largely: rộng ( về diện tích, đo lường )

46. Đáp án là B. tell : nói ( thường theo sau là tân ngữ )

Các từ còn lại không dùng được:

Give something to someone/ give someone something: đưa cái gì cho ai

Say: thường dùng để trân thuật lại lời nói của ai đó.

Speak ( to someone ): nói chuyện với ai

47. Đáp án là C. examples: những ví dụ. Dịch: gives examples of how it is used: đưa ra những ví dụ nó được sử dụng như thế nào.

Các từ còn lại: evidence: dẫn chứng, roof: bằng chứng; cases: các trường hợp

48. Đáp án là A. synonyms  and antonyms: từ đồng nghĩa và trái nghĩa

49. Đáp án là C. help to know: giúp để biết

Các động từ còn lại:

Assist someone in/with something: giúp đỡ ai về…

Pay for: trả (tiền ) cho …

Work: làm việc

50. Đáp án là C. with facts about: với những thực tế về…

Các từ còn lại:event: sự kiện; story: câu chuyện; material: vật chất

51. Đáp án là A. explain : giải thích ( bằng miệng ) Dịch: explain how to use a dictionary: giải thích cách sử dụng một cuốn tử điển

Các từ còn lại: interprete: làm sáng tỏ; suggest: gợi ý; present: trình bày

52. Đáp án là D.  contain: bao gồm …( mang nghĩa bao hàm, chứa đựng )

Các từ còn lại: compose và consist thường theo sau là giới từ “of”,  include: gồm ( mang nghĩa có liên quan )

53. Đáp án là D. index: danh mục các tên hoặc vấn đề được nói đến trong một quyển sách

Các từ còn lại: foreword: lời giới thiệu ngắn gọ cho một cuốn sách; preface: lời giới thiệu ở đầu cuốn sách; complement: phần bổ sung

54. Đáp án là D. map symbol: biểu tương trong bản đồ

Các từ còn lai: mark: điểm; sign:dấu hiệu; signal: dấu hiệu

55. Đáp án là D. Topic sentence : Iron production was revolutionized in the early eighteenth century when coke was first used instead of charcoal for refining iron ore.

56. revolutionize: được cách mạng hóa -> Đáp án gần nghĩa nhất là C. dramatically changed: được thay đổi đột ngột

A. bắt đầu nhanh chóng; B. được mở dần dần; carefully examined: được kiểm tra cẩn thận

57. Đáp án là D: Ý trong bài:Previously the poor quality of the iron had restricted its use in architectureto items such as chains and tie bars for supporting arches, vaults, and walls.With the improvement in refining ore, it was now possible to make cast-iron beams, columns, and girders.

58. Đáp án là C. Ý trong bài: Iron was rapidly adopted for the construction of bridges, becauseits strengthwas far greater than that of stone or timber,….

59. Đáp án là B. it = internal iron skeleton, hai vế câu tương phản, đồng chủ ngữ

60. surpass: hơn, vượt trội => Đáp án là B. exceed: vượt quá

Các từ còn lại: imitate: làm giả; approach: tiếp cận; include: bao gồm

61. Đáp án là A. The Paris Exhibition of 1889 included boththe widest spanand the greatest height achieved so far withthe Halle Des Machines, spanning 362 feet,and the Eiffel Tower 1,000 feet high.

62. Đáp án là B. Những câu thể hiện ý chế nhạo: these achievements weremocked( bắt chước ) by the artistic elite of Paris as expensive and ugly follies…..

63. Đáp án là D. Dựa vào hai câu cuối trong bài: Iron, despite its structural advantages,had little aesthetic status.The use of an exposed iron structure in the more traditional styles of architecture wasslower to develop.

64. Đáp án là D. Đọc bài có thể thấy, iron dần thay thế stone and timber:

– Iron was rapidly adopted for the construction of bridges, because its strength was far greater than that of stone or timber,

– Significantly, the use of exposed iron occurred mainly in the new building types spawned by the Industrial Revolution: in factories, warehouses ….

Phần viết:

Part I:

65. You needn’t have bought so many chips.

66. However hard he tried, he didn’t succeed in installing the software.

67. But for his laziness / being lazy, he wouldn’t have lost his job.

68. Not until midnight could he finish his homework.

69. I regret buying / having bought the secondhand motorbike.

Part II:

Environment contains water, soil, air, which are necessary to all of the livings. Therefore, we are trying to find solutions to environmental pollution. People should stop cutting trees for timber instead of planting trees and forests. Besides, people should reduce using cars, motorbikes that cause noise and air pollution. The next measure is that we should prevent farmers from using fertilizers and pesticides that damage soil. In addition, people should not leave litter on land and in water and we should prohibit factories from dumping industrial waste into rivers and lakes. It is high time governments had suitable measures that require companies, as well as individuals, to  stop cutting down and polluting activities.

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